jetpack compose vs flutter for app development

How can Jetpack Compose vs Flutter Help You Launch an Application Fastly?

17 May 2024

Are you launching your startup? Frameworks like Jetpack Compose vs Flutter can help you create an excellent app for both Android and iPhone users, all without needing separate apps for each!

Think of it like having a universal remote for your app – one code works for both major phone types. This can save you time and money, which is perfect for any startup. But which framework is the ultimate power-up for your project?

This guide will be your friendly decoder, explaining everything you need to know about Jetpack Compose vs Flutter. We’ll break down their strengths, how fast you can build your app, and how easy it is to keep it running smoothly. 

By the end, you’ll be ready to choose the perfect framework and partner with a development company that speaks your language. Ultimately, we’ll give you the knowledge to make an informed decision and partner with a development company that aligns with your specific goals. 

So, let’s get started!

What is Jetpack Compose?

Jetpack compose framework

Jetpack Compose is a modern toolkit created by Google specifically for building the user interface (UI) of Android apps. It offers a new way to design and develop UIs compared to traditional methods. Here’s a breakdown for easier understanding:

  • Think of it as a Lego set for Android app UIs: Instead of writing lines and lines of code to build each element on the screen (like buttons, menus, images), Jetpack Compose lets you use pre-defined building blocks (like Lego pieces) to snap together your app’s interface.
  • Focus on what, not how: With Jetpack Compose, you describe what your UI should look like rather than how to achieve it line by line. This can make development faster and easier to understand.
  • Smoother performance: Since it’s built on top of Android, Jetpack Compose performance can help the native capabilities of Android devices, potentially leading to smoother app performance.

Overall, Jetpack Compose is a powerful tool for building efficient Android apps, especially if you’re already familiar with Android development using Kotlin.


  • Faster development: Declarative approach can lead to cleaner and faster development compared to traditional methods.
  • Improved performance: Enhances Android’s native capabilities for potentially smoother performance.
  • Integration with existing tools: Easily integrates with existing Android libraries and tools for a familiar development experience.
  • Growing community: Backed by Google and a growing developer community for support and resources.


  • Newer technology: Being relatively new, it might have fewer resources and established practices compared to Flutter.
  • Limited platform support: Currently focused on Android development, not truly cross-platform.
  • Learning curve: Requires some knowledge of Kotlin for Android development.
  • Limited UI components: Compared to Flutter, it might have a smaller library of pre-built UI components initially.

Use Cases:

  • Building native Android apps with a modern and efficient approach.
  • Creating complex and visually appealing UIs for Android apps.
  • Integrating with existing Android projects for UI updates.
  • Developing high-performance Android applications.

What is Flutter?

Flutter framework for development

Flutter is an open-source app development framework created by Google. Imagine it as a giant toolbox filled with everything you need to build visually appealing and high-performing applications. But the thing that makes Flutter truly unique is its superpower: cross-platform app development.

Here’s how Flutter simplifies your app development journey:

  • One codebase for many platforms: As traditional methods where you need to write separate code for Android and iPhone apps, Flutter lets you build a single codebase. This code can then be used to create apps for both Android and iOS devices, saving you time and resources.
  • Fast and easy prototyping: Flutter comes equipped with a rich library of pre-built UI components (like buttons, menus, etc.). Think of these like building blocks – you can easily drag and drop them to create a basic layout for your app, allowing for rapid prototyping and testing of your ideas.
  • Hot reload: As you make changes to your code in Flutter, you can see those changes reflected in the app almost instantly. This live feedback loop makes development faster and more efficient.
  • Better design: Flutter doesn’t compromise on aesthetics. It provides powerful tools and features for crafting stunning and user-friendly app interfaces.

So, do you feel Flutter is better than Jetpack Compose?  Flutter helps you to build modern, efficient applications that can reach a wide audience across various platforms – all from a single codebase. This makes it a compelling choice for startups, businesses, and individuals looking to streamline their app development process.


  • Truly cross-platform: Build a single codebase for Android, iOS, web, and even desktop apps.
  • Rich UI library: Comes with a vast collection of pre-built UI components for rapid prototyping and development.
  • Hot reload: See code changes reflected in the app almost instantly, accelerating development.
  • Large and active community: Extensive online resources, tutorials, and a supportive community for help.


  • Learning a new language: Requires learning Dart, a new language compared to existing Android or iOS development.
  • Potential performance limitations: Custom rendering engine might not always match native performance in some cases.
  • Larger codebase for simple apps: Single codebase might be bigger than separate native apps for simple functionalities.
  • Limited access to native features: Some platform-specific features might require additional workarounds.

Use Cases:

  • Building cross-platform apps for mobile, web, and desktop with a single codebase.
  • Creating visually stunning and interactive UIs for various platforms.
  • Rapid prototyping and development of mobile and web apps.
  • Developing apps that need to run on multiple platforms efficiently.

How to Create an App Using Jetpack Compose and Flutter?

Creating a modern app requires a powerful UI framework. Both Jetpack Compose vs Flutter offer impressive toolkits, but they take distinct approaches. Let’s check into how you’d build an app with each framework:

Jetpack Compose: 

Imagine building excellent Android apps with a modern idea – that’s Jetpack Compose! It uses Kotlin, a familiar language for Android developers, and a declarative approach. Here’s your roadmap:

  1. Gear Up: Install the latest Android Studio and choose the “Empty Compose Activity” template for your project.
  2. Composing Your UI: Each screen gets its own Kotlin file. Use the @Composable annotation for composable functions – lightweight building blocks for your UI. Think of them like Lego bricks for your app’s layout! Built-in functions like Text, Button, and Column are your go-to tools.
  3. State & Logic Symphony: Jetpack Compose thrives on a unidirectional data flow. Use remember and mutableStateOf to manage state within your composable functions. For separating UI logic, the ViewModel is your friend.
  4. Interactive Playground: Make your app come alive! Use Clickable and Selectable functions to add interactivity. Handle user actions with onClick, onValueChanged, and similar callbacks.
  5. Testing & Refining: Write UI tests with tools like Espresso or UI Automator. Android Studio’s Preview feature lets you see your UI evolve as you code, making development smoother.


Flutter, lets you build excellent apps for mobile, web, and desktop – all from a single codebase! It uses Dart, a new language to learn, but offers a rich set of widgets for building UIs. Here’s how to get started:

  1. Setting the Stage: Install the Flutter SDK and configure your preferred IDE (Android Studio, VS Code, etc.). Use the flutter create command to craft a new Flutter project.
  2. Widget Wonderland: Define your UI using the build method within StatefulWidget or StatelessWidget classes. These widgets are the building blocks of your app’s interface. Similar to Jetpack Compose, use built-in widgets like Text, FlatButton, and layout widgets like Column and Row to design your screens.
  3. State & Logic Juggling: To update the state of your widgets, use the setState method. For complex state management needs, consider the Provider package or other solutions.
  4. Engaging Users: Make your app interactive with GestureDetector or InkWell. Handle user interactions with callbacks like onTap and onPressed.
  5. Testing & Optimization: Write unit and widget tests using the Flutter test framework. Flutter DevTools are your debugging and profiling companions to ensure your app runs smoothly.

Jetpack Compose vs Flutter: Is Jetpack Compose the future of Android development?

Is Jetpack Compose the future of Android development? In this piece, we’ll move into the reasons why you might want to choose Jetpack Compose over Flutter for your upcoming app development project.

Native Integration: Jetpack Compose is a contemporary UI toolkit designed for native Android applications. It’s specifically built for Android and integrates easily with existing Android codebases and libraries. This native integration guarantees superior performance and compatibility with the Android platform, resulting in a more fluid user experience.

Kotlin Language: Jetpack Compose is created in Kotlin, the official programming language for Android development. Kotlin brings concise syntax, null safety, and Java interoperability to the table, making it a popular choice among many developers. With Jetpack Compose, you can access  the full potential of Kotlin to make  elegant and maintainable UI code.

Declarative UI: Jetpack Compose adheres to a declarative programming paradigm, enabling developers to describe the UI state and let the framework take care of the rest. This approach simplifies UI development by reducing boilerplate code and making it more comprehensible and maintainable. With Jetpack Compose, you can craft dynamic and responsive UIs with less effort.

Jetpack compose vs Flutter Performance: Both Jetpack Compose and Flutter offer excellent performance, making smooth and responsive UIs achievable. The choice might depend on your priorities:

  • Cross-platform with raw speed: Flutter might be a better fit due to its ahead-of-time compilation.
  • Native Android development: Jetpack Compose leverages the Android runtime for potentially tighter integration and optimized performance.

Live Preview: Jetpack Compose incorporates a robust tool known as “Compose Preview” that enables developers to preview UI layouts and interactions in real-time. This feature streamlines the development process by providing immediate feedback and eliminating the need for manual testing on physical devices. With Jetpack Compose, you can iterate rapidly and confidently, leading to a quicker time-to-market.

Growing Ecosystem: The official documentation is thorough and regularly updated, making it easy for developers to get started and stay abreast of the latest developments. Additionally, the vibrant Kotlin community offers ample support and collaboration opportunities for Jetpack Compose users.

A Comprehensive Comparison Between Jetpack Compose vs Flutter

FeatureJetpack ComposeFlutter
LanguageDeveloped by Google, Jetpack Compose is based on the Kotlin programming language.Created by Google as well, Flutter uses the Dart programming language.
Development EnvironmentIt integrates seamlessly with Android Studio, the official IDE for Android development.It comes with its own set of development tools, including the Flutter SDK and Dart DevTools.
UI Component ModelUtilizes a declarative UI approach, allowing developers to define the UI elements and their behavior using Kotlin code. It offers a modern and concise syntax for building UIs.Also follows a declarative UI pattern, where UI elements are defined using Dart code. Flutter’s widget-based architecture enables developers to create complex UIs with ease.
State ManagementOffers built-in support for state management, making it easy to manage the state of UI components within the application. It provides tools like State and LiveData for managing UI state.Comes with its own state management solutions, such as setState(), Provider, and Bloc pattern. Flutter’s reactive framework ensures that UI updates are triggered automatically when the state changes.
Platform SupportPrimarily focused on Android app development, Jetpack Compose allows developers to build native Android applications with a modern UI toolkit.Supports both Android and iOS platforms, allowing developers to create cross-platform apps with a single codebase. Flutter’s “write once, run anywhere” approach is particularly appealing for businesses targeting multiple platforms.
Performance and CompilationBeing a part of the Android Jetpack library, Jetpack Compose leverages the performance optimizations provided by the Android runtime. Kotlin code is compiled to bytecode, which is then executed by the JVM.Employs a unique rendering engine called Skia, which enables high-performance graphics rendering across platforms. Flutter apps are compiled to native ARM code, resulting in fast startup times and smooth animations.
Community and EcosystemAs a relatively new framework, Jetpack Compose is still growing its community and ecosystem. However, being backed by Google ensures strong support and regular updates.Benefits from a large and active community, with a rich ecosystem of packages, plugins, and tools. Flutter’s popularity has led to widespread adoption and a vibrant developer community.

Market Prospects of Jetpack Compose vs Flutter and Platforms

jetpack compose vs flutter for cross platform app development

Jetpack Compose and Flutter are two popular frameworks used for engaging user interfaces in mobile applications. Each offers unique features and advantages, making them appealing options for developers. In this piece, we’ll explore the market prospects of Jetpack Compose vs Flutter and the platforms they support.

Jetpack Compose is a contemporary UI toolkit developed by Google for developing native Android applications. It supports the power of the Kotlin programming language and offers a declarative approach to building user interfaces. With Jetpack Compose, developers can create UI components using composable functions, which are lightweight and highly customizable. This makes it easier to craft complex UIs with less boilerplate code.

Conversely, Flutter is an open-source UI framework developed by Google for crafting natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase. It employs the Dart programming language and follows a reactive programming model. Flutter’s standout feature is its “hot reload” capability, which enables developers to see changes in real-time as they code, making the development process quicker and more efficient.

Both Jetpack Compose vs Flutter have their strengths and weaknesses, and the choice between them depends on various factors such as developer preference, project requirements, and platform support.

In terms of market prospects, Flutter currently enjoys a larger community and ecosystem compared to Jetpack Compose. It has been around for longer and has gained widespread adoption among developers, especially for cross-platform app development. Flutter’s support for multiple platforms, including iOS, Android, web, and desktop, makes it a versatile choice for crafting applications targeting different devices.

However, Jetpack Compose is gaining traction in the Android development community, thanks to its official support from Google and its integration with other Jetpack libraries. As more developers adopt Kotlin as their preferred language for Android development, Jetpack Compose is expected to become increasingly popular for crafting native Android applications. Additionally, Jetpack Compose benefits from being part of the larger Android ecosystem, with access to Google’s resources and support.

In terms of platform support, Flutter has a broader reach, covering not only mobile platforms like iOS and Android but also web and desktop. This makes it a compelling choice for developers looking to target multiple platforms with a single codebase. Jetpack Compose, on the other hand, is focused specifically on native Android development, limiting its potential audience to Android developers.

Cost Implications of Building a Jetpack Compose vs Flutter App

Jetpack Compose and Flutter are two popular frameworks used for crafting mobile applications. Both offer powerful tools and features for creating visually appealing and efficient UIs, but when it comes to cost, several factors come into play.

Development Time: One of the primary factors that determine the cost of developing an app with either Jetpack Compose or Flutter is the development time. Flutter is popular for its hot reload feature, which enables developers to instantly see the changes they make to the code, speeding up the development process. Conversely, Jetpack Compose, being a newer framework, may require some learning curve for developers. However, its integration with Kotlin and Android Studio can streamline the development process for Android apps.

Developer Expertise: The cost of developing an app also depends on the expertise of the developers working on it. If your team is already proficient in Kotlin and Android development, then using Jetpack Compose may be more cost-effective as there would be no need for additional training. Conversely, if your team has experience with Dart and reactive programming, then Flutter might be the better option.

Maintenance and Updates: Another aspect to consider is the long-term maintenance and updates of the app. Both Jetpack Compose and Flutter are backed by Google and offer strong community support, but the frequency and nature of updates may vary. Flutter has a stable release cycle and a large number of third-party packages available, which can simplify maintenance tasks. Jetpack Compose, being a part of the Android Jetpack library, is expected to receive regular updates and improvements, but its ecosystem may take some time to mature.

Tooling and Ecosystem: The cost of development also depends on the availability of tools and libraries that facilitate app development. Flutter has a rich ecosystem of plugins and packages that cover a wide range of functionalities, which can save development time and cost. Jetpack Compose, being relatively new, may have a smaller ecosystem initially, but as it gains popularity, more tools and libraries are expected to become available.

Deployment and Distribution: Both Jetpack Compose and Flutter allow for easy deployment of apps to the Google Play Store and Apple App Store. However, there may be additional costs associated with app distribution, such as licensing fees or subscription charges for app stores.

Why Nintriva is Your Modern Development Partner

homepage of Nintriva

Choosing the right development partner is critical for success. Companies like Nintriva, with expertise in both Jetpack Compose and Flutter, embody several modern qualities that make them ideal partners for startups, organizations, and anyone looking to build a mobile app.

  • Technology Stack: Nintriva’s proficiency in Jetpack Compose vs Flutter showcases their commitment to using the latest UI frameworks. This ensures your app benefits from the newest features, performance optimizations, and development efficiencies.
  • Cross-Platform Development Capabilities: With both Jetpack Compose (for native Android) and Flutter (for cross-platform development), Nintriva offers flexibility. You can choose a native approach for optimal Android performance or a cross-platform approach to reach a wider audience with a single codebase.
  • Focus on Developer Experience: Modern frameworks like Jetpack Compose and Flutter prioritize developer experience. Nintriva’s expertise in these frameworks translates to faster development cycles, easier code maintenance, and a smoother overall development process for your project.
  • Strong Community Engagement: Nintriva, by staying engaged with the active and growing communities of both Jetpack Compose and Flutter, has access to the latest updates, best practices, and solutions to potential challenges, ensuring your app stays ahead of the curve.

Why Hire Nintriva for Your Next Project?

  • Future-Proofing Your App: By monitoring  frameworks, Nintriva can build an app that’s adaptable to future advancements and easier to maintain in the long run.
  • Faster Time-to-Market: The efficiency of these frameworks, combined with Nintriva’s expertise, can lead to a faster development process, getting your app to market sooner.
  • Cost-Effectiveness: For cross-platform projects, Flutter can potentially reduce development costs by eliminating the need for separate codebases for Android and iOS.
  • Access to a Wider Talent Pool: Nintriva’s expertise expands your talent pool by including developers skilled in both native and cross-platform development approaches.

Nintriva’s Experience and Case Studies:

Look for a company like Nintriva with a proven track record in both Jetpack Compose vs Flutter development. Here’s what to consider:

  • Years of experience: Look for a company with several years of experience in mobile app development, ideally with a focus on modern frameworks like Jetpack Compose and Flutter.
  • Team expertise: Ensure the company has a team of experienced developers well-versed in both frameworks and best practices.
  • Case studies: Review case studies showcasing their successful projects using Jetpack Compose and Flutter. Look for projects similar to yours in terms of industry, app complexity, and target platform.

Here are some examples of what a company like Nintriva might showcase in their case studies:

  • Jetpack Compose Case Study: Developed a high-performance e-commerce app for a retail client using Jetpack Compose, resulting in a significant improvement in UI responsiveness and a smoother user experience compared to traditional approaches.
  • Flutter Case Study: Built a cross-platform social media app for a startup using Flutter, reaching a wider audience on both Android and iOS with a single codebase and reducing development time compared to building separate native apps.

By partnering with a company that demonstrates these qualities, you gain access to a modern development approach that can deliver a high-quality, future-proof mobile app that meets your specific project needs and goals. Their expertise in both Jetpack Compose vs Flutter allows them to tailor their approach to your project, ensuring you adapt the latest advancements in mobile app development.

prompting readers to connect Nintriva

Summing Up

There’s no single “best” framework. The ideal choice depends on your specific project requirements, team expertise, and target audience. Many experienced development companies like Nintriva possess expertise in both Jetpack vs Flutter frameworks. They can analyze your project and recommend the most suitable approach for your project. 

So, carefully consider your needs, weigh the pros and cons, and don’t hesitate to seek expert guidance. With the right framework in hand, your startup or organization can transform your app idea into a mobile success story! Feel free, share your app requirements today!

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Which is better for building cross-platform apps, Jetpack Compose vs Flutter?

Flutter is better for cross-platform apps since it works for Android, iOS, web, and desktop from one codebase. Jetpack Compose focuses on native Android apps but is developing its own cross-platform capabilities. Choose Flutter if you need multi-platform support, but go with Jetpack Compose if you’re building primarily for Android.

  1. How do Jetpack Compose vs Flutter differ in programming models and languages?

Jetpack Compose uses the Kotlin language with a simple, declarative style for building UI elements called “composables.” Flutter uses Dart and has a similar declarative style but with a different widget system. Kotlin is familiar to Android developers, while Dart is less commonly used. Consider the languages your team knows best.

  1. What are the key differences in development experience and performance between Jetpack Compose vs Flutter?

Both have hot reload for quick previews while developing. Jetpack Compose integrates smoothly with Android Studio and Android workflows, while Flutter’s tools support many IDEs and provide strong debugging. For performance, Jetpack Compose is optimized for native Android, while Flutter aims for consistent performance across different platforms. Your choice depends on your project’s needs and which tools your team is more comfortable with.

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