Flutter Vs Kotlin - Which is Best For Cross-Platform App Development in 2024

Flutter Vs Kotlin – Which is Best For Cross-Platform App Development in 2024?

16 Jan 2024

Cross-platform development has always been a dynamic landscape, with frameworks vying for the top spot. For a while, React Native and Flutter dominated the scene, offering businesses a cost-effective way to mark their presence on both Android and iOS.

Enter Kotlin, and the dynamics shifted. The debate intensified: Which is the superior choice for cross-platform needs? This article aims to shed light on this Kotlin vs Flutter debate. We’ll dive deep, backed by data and insights, to help you navigate this choice.

But first, a primer on the core of both technologies.

Understanding the Contenders:

Kotlin Multiplatform

Kotlin, initially designed by JetBrains, was primarily an alternative to Java for Android development. Its concise syntax and interoperability with Java made it a favorite among Android developers. But JetBrains had a broader vision. With Kotlin Multiplatform, they ventured beyond just Android.

Kotlin Multiplatform allows developers to write the core logic once and share it across multiple platforms. This isn’t just limited to mobile platforms like Android and iOS. It extends to Web, desktop, and even backend development. The beauty of Kotlin Multiplatform lies in its ability to let developers use platform-specific libraries and APIs, ensuring that the apps maintain the native feel and performance.


When Google introduced Flutter in 2017, it was met with curiosity and skepticism. Another cross-platform tool? How would it stand out? But Flutter had its unique selling points. Built on the Dart language, Flutter promised a single codebase for creating apps that felt native on both Android and iOS.

One of Flutter’s standout features is its widget-based architecture. Everything in Flutter is a widget, from a button to a screen, and even the app itself. This approach allows for highly customizable and dynamic UIs. The “hot reload” feature, which lets developers instantly view the result of the latest change, is a boon for productivity.

Flutter’s community played a significant role in its rise. With a plethora of plugins, tools, and packages available, developers found it easier to bridge any gaps in functionality. Google’s backing ensured that Flutter received regular updates, new features, and robust documentation.

Market Popularity: Flutter Vs Kotlin

In the world of software development, community engagement often serves as a barometer for a technology’s acceptance and growth. One of the most telling indicators of this engagement is the activity on platforms like Stack Overflow, where developers seek answers, share knowledge, and discuss technologies.

Flutter’s trajectory on Stack Overflow is nothing short of impressive. Starting from a mere 0.1% of questions in 2018, it has witnessed a meteoric rise, accounting for 3% of the platform’s questions today. This surge underscores the framework’s growing adoption and the challenges and curiosities it sparks among developers.

Graph showing the % of Stack Overflow questions asked in a month between Flutter and Kotlin

On the other hand, Kotlin, while starting from a slightly higher base of 0.5% in 2018, has seen a more gradual increase, reaching just below 1.5% of Stack Overflow questions today. While this growth is commendable, it’s evident that Flutter has outpaced Kotlin in capturing developers’ attention on this platform.

Beyond Stack Overflow, other metrics also hint at Flutter’s burgeoning popularity. For instance, GitHub stars, a measure of a project’s popularity and community support, show Flutter leading with a significant margin. The active contributions, regular updates, and the sheer volume of discussions around Flutter indicate a vibrant and growing ecosystem.

Kotlin, while not matching Flutter’s pace, has its own set of achievements. Its adoption as an official language for Android development by Google and its expanding use in backend development with Kotlin Multiplatform are testaments to its steady growth and versatility.

While both Flutter and Kotlin have carved out their niches and enjoy substantial community support, Flutter seems to have an edge in terms of sheer market momentum, especially in the realm of cross-platform mobile development.

Comparative Analysis: Kotlin vs. Flutter

Comparative analysis between Flutter and React Native

Choosing the right framework can be a pivotal decision when it comes to cross-platform development. Both Kotlin and Flutter have emerged as strong contenders, each with its unique strengths and considerations.

We analyze key aspects of both, providing insights to help developers and businesses make informed choices.

1. Learning Curve:

Embarking on a new technological journey can be daunting. The ease with which developers can adapt to and master a new framework often dictates its adoption rate and success.

A steep learning curve can deter many, while a more approachable one can encourage experimentation and mastery.

Flutter: Built on the Dart language, Flutter might pose a challenge for those unfamiliar with Dart. However, its comprehensive documentation, vast community support, and interactive learning resources make the journey smoother. The widget-based architecture, once grasped, simplifies the development process.

Kotlin: Kotlin’s syntax is concise and expressive. For developers with a Java background, transitioning to Kotlin is relatively straightforward due to its interoperability with Java. Kotlin Multiplatform, while introducing new concepts, benefits from the foundational knowledge of Kotlin for Android.

2. Performance:

In today’s digital landscape, an app’s performance directly impacts its success. Slow or glitchy apps can deter users, leading to poor reviews and reduced user retention. Thus, ensuring optimal performance is paramount.

Flutter: Flutter’s “close-to-metal” performance ensures apps run smoothly. The Skia graphics engine, which Flutter uses, allows high-performance rendering. Additionally, the single codebase reduces inconsistencies across platforms.

Kotlin: Kotlin Multiplatform compiles code into the format of the targeted platform, ensuring native performance. The shared code logic reduces redundancy, leading to efficient execution.

3. Integration and Libraries:

Be it web or mobile app development, the availability of libraries and integrations significantly influences the speed and ease of development. A robust ecosystem can drastically reduce development time, allowing developers to focus on unique features and innovations.

Flutter: Flutter boasts a growing list of packages and plugins, thanks to its active community. From state management to animations, there’s likely a package available. However, for some native functionalities, developers might need to rely on third-party integrations.

Kotlin: Kotlin benefits from its compatibility with Java libraries. Kotlin Multiplatform, being relatively newer, has fewer libraries specific to it. Yet, its ability to tap into native libraries for each platform compensates for this.

4. Backend Development

Backend capabilities determine how an app interacts with servers, databases, and other services. It’s the backbone that supports the frontend, ensuring data integrity, security, and responsiveness.

Flutter: While Flutter excels in frontend development, it often relies on Firebase or other third-party services for backend tasks. This reliance can sometimes limit custom backend functionalities.

Kotlin: Kotlin shines here with its ability to write backend code, especially with frameworks like Ktor. Kotlin Multiplatform’s shared code logic can also be extended to the backend, ensuring consistency.

5. Platform Coverage

The range of platforms a framework can target determines its versatility and reach. In a multi-device world, this coverage ensures a broader audience and better market penetration.

Flutter: Initially focused on mobile platforms, Flutter has expanded to web and desktop. With projects like Flutter Web and Flutter Desktop, it’s inching closer to a “write once, run anywhere” paradigm.

Kotlin: Kotlin Multiplatform’s strength lies in its extensive platform coverage. From mobile to web, desktop, and even embedded systems, Kotlin casts a wide net.

6. UI and UX Capabilities

The user interface and experience are more than just aesthetics. They play a pivotal role in user engagement, satisfaction, and brand perception.

Flutter: Flutter’s widget-centric approach allows for highly customizable UIs. The rich set of widgets ensures apps look and feel native. The “hot reload” feature aids in fine-tuning the UI without lengthy compile times.

Kotlin: Kotlin Multiplatform provides a more platform-specific UI, ensuring apps align with the native look and feel of each platform. While this might mean more customization work, the end result is a UI that resonates with platform conventions.

7. Community and Ecosystem Support

Flutter: Flutter has built a robust and dynamic community, supported by Google. Its ecosystem is teeming with resources, tutorials, and an active developer forum. 

This strong community backing means a wealth of shared knowledge, regular updates, and a plethora of third-party tools and libraries.

Kotlin: Kotlin, while newer in the multiplatform space, benefits from the established Java community. Its ecosystem is rapidly growing, with JetBrains actively contributing to its development. 

The community support, though not as extensive as Flutter’s, is steadily increasing, offering valuable resources and support for Kotlin Multiplatform developers.

8. Cost-Efficiency and Time-to-Market

Flutter: Flutter’s single codebase approach significantly reduces development time and resources, translating to cost efficiency. 

This is particularly beneficial for startups and companies looking to rapidly deploy on multiple platforms.

Kotlin: Kotlin Multiplatform allows sharing of business logic across platforms while maintaining native UIs. This balance can lead to a slightly longer development time compared

The above comparative analysis offers a deep dive into the strengths and considerations of both Kotlin and Flutter across various facets of app development. The choice between them hinges on project-specific requirements and priorities.

Pros and Cons: Kotlin vs. Flutter

In the quest for the ideal cross-platform development framework, understanding the strengths and weaknesses of each contender is paramount. Both Kotlin Multiplatform and Flutter have garnered attention for their unique offerings, but as with all technologies, they come with their own sets of advantages and challenges. 

In this section we will look into the pros and cons of each, providing a balanced perspective to aid in informed decision-making.

Kotlin Multiplatform:


Interoperability with Java: Kotlin is fully interoperable with Java, making it easier for developers to integrate Kotlin into existing Java-based projects.

Native Performance: Kotlin Multiplatform compiles to the native code of the target platform, ensuring optimal performance.

Code Reusability: Developers can write the core logic once and share it across multiple platforms, reducing redundancy and potential errors.

Platform-Specific Code: While the core logic is shared, Kotlin Multiplatform allows for platform-specific code, ensuring apps can utilize platform-specific features and maintain a native feel.

Versatility: Beyond mobile, Kotlin Multiplatform extends to web, desktop, and backend development, offering a wide range of development possibilities.

Strong Language Features: Kotlin is known for its modern language features such as null safety, concise syntax, and powerful extension functions, which can lead to cleaner and more maintainable code.

Existing Java Libraries: Kotlin’s seamless interoperability with Java means developers can leverage existing Java libraries, reducing the need to rewrite code from scratch.

Improved Code Sharing: Kotlin Multiplatform’s ability to share code between mobile and non-mobile platforms (web, desktop, backend) can lead to significant code reusability and maintenance benefits for full-stack developers.

Gradual Adoption: Developers can gradually introduce Kotlin Multiplatform into their projects, making it easier to migrate and adapt to the technology.


Young Ecosystem: Kotlin Multiplatform is relatively new, and its ecosystem isn’t as vast as some established frameworks.

Learning Curve: For developers new to Kotlin, there’s an initial learning curve, especially when delving into multiplatform specifics.

Limited UI Libraries: Kotlin Multiplatform doesn’t offer as extensive a set of UI components as some other frameworks, potentially requiring more custom development.

Smaller Community: Kotlin Multiplatform has a smaller developer community compared to more established frameworks like Flutter, which can result in limited resources and support.

Limited Native Access: In some cases, accessing platform-specific hardware features or APIs may require workarounds or custom implementations, impacting development efficiency.

Tooling Maturity: While Kotlin itself is mature, the tooling and IDE support for Kotlin Multiplatform may not be as robust as for some other platforms, leading to potential development friction.



Single Codebase: Flutter allows developers to maintain a single codebase for multiple platforms, simplifying development and maintenance.

Rich Widget Library: Flutter’s extensive widget library ensures that developers can create intricate and responsive UIs with ease.

Hot Reload: This feature enables developers to instantly see the result of the latest change, enhancing productivity.

Strong Community Support: With a growing community, developers have access to numerous plugins, tools, and resources.

Performance: Flutter’s architecture ensures consistent behavior and performance across platforms.

Expressive UI: Flutter’s widget-based architecture allows for highly customized and expressive user interfaces, making it suitable for apps that prioritize unique and visually appealing designs.

Strong Theming Support: Flutter offers robust theming and styling capabilities, making it easier to maintain a consistent and branded app appearance.

Rapid Development: The hot reload feature in Flutter significantly speeds up the development process, enabling developers to see changes in real-time.

Accessible Platform-Specific Modules: Flutter provides easy access to platform-specific modules and third-party libraries, allowing developers to integrate native features more seamlessly.


Dependency on Dart: Flutter relies on the Dart language, which isn’t as widely adopted as some other languages.

Larger App Size: Apps developed with Flutter tend to be larger in size compared to native apps.

Native Features: For some platform-specific features, developers might need to write native code or rely on plugins, which can introduce complexity.

Limited Language Choice: Flutter’s reliance on Dart as the primary programming language may not align with the skills of some developers, potentially requiring additional training.

Bigger App Size: Flutter apps tend to have larger file sizes compared to their native counterparts, which can be a concern for users with limited storage.

Learning Curve for UI Customization: While Flutter’s UI capabilities are powerful, they may require a steeper learning curve for developers looking to create complex custom UI components.Platform-Specific Integration: For deeply integrated platform-specific functionalities, Flutter developers may need to rely on platform channels, which can introduce complexity and potential maintenance challenges.

Both Kotlin Multiplatform and Flutter offer unique strengths, making them suitable for different project requirements. While Kotlin shines with its versatility and native performance, Flutter stands out with its rich UI capabilities and single codebase approach.

However, like all technologies, they come with their set of challenges, which developers and businesses should consider when making a choice.

Looking for cross-platform development in Kotlin or Flutter. Contact us!

Successful Applications Built With Kotlin Multiplatform and Flutter

Real-world applications often provide the most compelling evidence of a framework’s capabilities. Both Kotlin Multiplatform and Flutter have been the backbone for several successful apps, showcasing their potential in the hands of skilled developers

Let’s delve into some notable examples:

Kotlin Multiplatform

VMware Workspace ONE: VMware, a global leader in cloud infrastructure & digital workspace technology, utilized Kotlin Multiplatform for its Workspace ONE productivity app. 

The app, which offers a suite of productivity tools for business users, benefited from Kotlin’s ability to share code across platforms, leading to consistent performance and features on both iOS and Android.

App built with Kotlin

Cash App: Developed by Square, Cash App is a mobile payment service that allows users to transfer money seamlessly. Kotlin Multiplatform played a pivotal role in streamlining the development process, enabling the app to offer a uniform experience across different platforms.

Quizlet: A popular study app, Quizlet used Kotlin Multiplatform to extend its reach. With millions of users relying on its flashcards, games, and study guides, Kotlin ensured that the app delivered consistent functionality and performance, irrespective of the device.


Google Ads: Google’s very own advertising platform, Google Ads, leverages Flutter for its mobile app. The app, which allows advertisers to monitor campaign performance on the go, benefits from Flutter’s rich UI capabilities, ensuring a seamless and intuitive user experience.

Alibaba: The Chinese e-commerce giant, Alibaba, turned to Flutter for parts of its app. With millions of daily users, the app’s performance and responsiveness are paramount. Flutter’s consistent rendering engine ensured that the app’s vast user base received a uniform experience.

App built with Flutter

Hamilton Musical: The official app for the hit Broadway musical, Hamilton, is built using Flutter. The app, which offers ticketing, merchandise, and daily lotteries, showcases Flutter’s ability to handle diverse functionalities while delivering a polished user interface.

These case studies underscore the versatility and robustness of both Kotlin Multiplatform and Flutter. From fintech/banking app development to e-commerce web and mobile app development, both frameworks have proven their mettle in the real world.

Future Predictions: Kotlin and Flutter

The mobile application landscape is in a constant state of flux, with user expectations, device capabilities, and development methodologies continually evolving. Kotlin Multiplatform and Flutter, both pivotal players in this domain, are poised to shape the future of mobile app development.

Here’s our projection of their trajectories in the mobile space:

Kotlin Multiplatform

What the future holds for Kotlin

Enhanced Mobile Libraries: As Kotlin Multiplatform gains traction, we can expect a surge in libraries specifically optimized for mobile development. This will empower developers to integrate advanced features with ease.

Seamless UI/UX Across Platforms: With tools like Jetpack Compose becoming more integrated with Kotlin Multiplatform, developers will likely find it easier to craft consistent and intuitive user interfaces across both Android and iOS.

Optimized Performance Tools: As mobile devices become more powerful, Kotlin Multiplatform will likely introduce tools and optimizations to harness this power, ensuring apps remain smooth and responsive.

Flutter, having already made a significant mark in the mobile domain, has its own set of anticipated advancements:


What the future holds for Flutter.

Refined Widget Library: Flutter’s widget-centric approach will likely see further refinement, with more widgets tailored for specific mobile functionalities, enhancing the ease of UI development.

Advanced State Management Solutions: As apps become more complex, Flutter’s state management solutions will evolve, offering developers more efficient ways to handle app data and UI states.

Integration with Emerging Mobile Technologies: With technologies like AR, VR, and AI becoming staples in mobile apps, Flutter is expected to offer more integrative tools and libraries to support these advancements.

When it comes to mobile applications, both Kotlin Multiplatform and Flutter are gearing up to address the challenges of tomorrow. Their anticipated advancements promise to elevate the mobile app development experience, catering to both developers’ needs and end-users’ expectations.


Both Kotlin Multiplatform and Flutter have emerged as formidable contenders, each with its distinct strengths and challenges. While Kotlin Multiplatform shines with its versatility and native performance, Flutter captivates with its rich UI capabilities and robust community support.

For developers, the choice hinges on project-specific requirements, familiarity with the underlying language, and desired platform coverage. Businesses should consider factors like development speed, app performance, and long-term maintainability. In essence, there’s no one-size-fits-all answer.

However, by understanding the nuances of each framework, as detailed in this analysis, informed decisions can be made, ensuring successful app development endeavors in the future.

Get your next generation Flutter app for your business. Get our expert assistance!

Related blogs